Top 10 Deadliest Earthquakes in Recorded History

Earthquakes are undoubtedly the most devastating natural calamities to ever take place on earth. What makes them so scary and dangerous is their unpredictability. You can never tell when one is going to hit and why. Here is a list of 10 of the most unforgiving earthquakes that ever occurred on earth.

10. Great Peruvian Earthquake: The Great Peruvian Earthquake, also known as the 1970 Ancash Earthquake took place in Ancash, Peru on the 31st of May, 1970 at 15:23:29  local time. Its magnitude was 7.9, which resulted to a landslide that caused the death of some 66,794–70,000 people, and leaving around 50,000 injured. The earthquake was one of the worst the country has ever seen.

9. 1908 Messina Earthquake: This earthquake occurred occurred in Sicily and Calabria, southern Italy on 28 December, 1908. It had a magnitude of 7.1 and and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme). Both the cities of Messina and Reggio Calabria were almost completely destroyed and the death tolls reached up to 200,000.

8. 2005 Kashmir Earthquake: On October 8, 2005 at local time 08:50:39, an earthquake hit the Pakistani territory of Azad Kashmir. Its magnitude was 7.6 and had a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). It also affected the country’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province and the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, claiming almost 87,351 lives.

7. Sichuan Earthquake: The Great Sichuan earthquake or Wenchuan earthquake, occurred at 14:28:01 China Standard Time on May 12, 2008. It had a magnitude of 8.0, and it affected almost all of China. The maximum number of recorded casualties exceeded 87,587, making it the most devastating earthquake in the history of China.

6. 1948 Ashgabat Earthquake: The shock occurred in the then Russian territory of Ashgabat, Turkmenistan on the 5th of October, 1948. It had a magnitude of 7.3. The casualties and the damage caused by the earthquake was. censored by the USSR government making it difficult for the world to know and the Russian government to come forward to help. But the death tolls reached 110,000 according to records.

5. Great Kanto Earthquake: On September 1, 1923, a great earthquake with a magnitude of 7.9 hit the Japanese Kanto region at 11:58:44  local time. The earthquake’s maximum intensity was marked XI (Extreme) and it triggered a landslide. Combined the earthquake and the landslide took the lives of 105,385.

4. 1920 Haiyuan Earthquake: On December 16, 1920, an earthquake with a magnitude of 8.3 shook the Chinese province of Haiyuan. This shock is also known as the Gansu Earthquake because Haiyuan was a part of the Gansu province when the earthquake occurred. The earthquake claimed the lives of 273,400 casualties.

3. 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami: On December 26, 2004, the Indian Ocean was shaken by what appeared to be the most devastating earthquake and Tsunami it had ever seen. The shock had a moment magnitude of 9.1–9.3 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). It killed 230,000–280,000 people in 14 countries and destroyed coastal communities and marine life.

2. 1976 Tangshan Earthquake: The Tangshan Earthquake, also known as the Great Tangshan Earthquake, hit Tangshan, China on July 27, 1976 with a magnitude of 7.4. It was followed by a major 7.1 magnitude aftershock some 16 hours later, increasing the death toll to over 255,000.

1. 2010 Haiti Earthquake: On January 12, 2010, a catastrophic earthquake hit the republic of Haiti with a magnitude of 7.0 at around 16:53 local time. It destroyed Port au Prince, the country’s capital, and claimed the lives of almost 316,000 people.



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